Luthuli Museum

Online Catalogue

Sunday, 16 Dec 2018

M B Yengwa's statement pleading against removal to Mapumulo

Monday, 17 October 2011 17:16 Published in Archives

Two copies of statement by M B Yengwa pleading against removal to Mapumulo.

Masabala Bonnie Yengwa- biographical notes

Monday, 17 October 2011 17:16 Published in Archives
Biographical information about M B Yengwa. Three pages of notes typed from an interview.

Oral History: Saro Naicker (wife of M P Naicker)

Monday, 17 October 2011 17:11 Published in Audio Visual

Oral history interview with Saro Naicker (wife of M P Naicker) and Barbara Wahlberg.

Naicker provides basic biographical information before giving details about her marriage to M P Naicker. She discusses her husband's role in the NIC and Communist Party and his commitment to Luthuli as his speech writer, which brought her into contact with the Chief and Nokukhanya on a few occassions.

She reveals details about her own arrests and imprisonments during the Defiance Campaign and how harrassment by the special branches eventually forced her and MP to seek refuge in London.

The Passive Resistance Campaign, Treason Trial and Rivonia Trial are also subjects raised during the interview. Naicker concludes the conversation by sharing her lasting impressions of Luthuli and Nokukhanya.

Luthuli: Tribute to a hero

Monday, 17 October 2011 16:59 Published in Archives
Luthuli: Tribute to a hero. Review of Luthuli's contribution to the struggle. Focus on Defiance Campaign and Freedom Charter.

Chief Luthuli during the Defiance Campaign

Monday, 17 October 2011 16:59 Published in Objects

The 1952 Defiance Campaign was the largest scale non-violent resistance ever seen in South Africa and the first campaign pursued jointly by all racial groups under the leadership of the ANC and the South African Indian Congress (SAIC).

The Government complained about Luthuli’s participation in the ANC-led Defiance Campaign and in 1952 the authorities asked him to choose between his position as Chief of Groutville and leadership in the ANC.  Luthuli replied that he had no intention of resigning either from ANC leadership or from the chieftainship, as he saw no conflict between the two. 

Later that year, the Apartheid Government dismissed him from his position as Chief of the Umvoti Mission Reserve. The following year he was elected President-General of the ANC, a position he held until his death in 1967.

This painting depicts Chief Luthuli during the Defiance Campaign sitting on a bench in defiance of a sign that reads "whites only". Painted in brown and neutral paint tones.

Albert Luthuli: Banned South African Leader awarded Nobel Peace Prize. Copy. Biography pieces on Luthuli with reference to key events.

Native Chief dismissed by Government

Monday, 17 October 2011 16:57 Published in Archives
Native Chief dismissed by Government. Copy. Report on Luthuli's response to dismissal from government after Defiance Campaign

Government may find itself in Cul-de-Sac

Monday, 17 October 2011 16:57 Published in Archives
Government may find itself in Cul-de-Sac. Copy. Government ministers becoming less certain about how to end Defiance Campaign.

Defiance Campaign will continue till victory is won

Monday, 17 October 2011 16:57 Published in Archives
Defiance Campaign will continue till victory is won. Copy.

Chief Luthuli during the Defiance Campaign

Monday, 17 October 2011 16:57 Published in Photographs

The 1952 Defiance Campaign was the largest scale non-violent resistance ever seen in South Africa and the first campaign pursued jointly by all racial groups under the leadership of the ANC and the South African Indian Congress (SAIC).


The Government complained about Luthuli’s participation in the ANC-led Defiance Campaign and in 1952 the authorities asked him to choose between his position as Chief of Groutville and leadership in the ANC.  Luthuli replied that he had no intention of resigning either from ANC leadership or from the chieftainship, as he saw no conflict between the two. 

Later that year, the Apartheid Government dismissed him from his position as Chief of the Umvoti Mission Reserve. The following year he was elected President-General of the ANC, a position he held until his death in 1967.


In this image, Luthuli and two men sign up volunteers for the Definace Campaign.

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