Luthuli Museum

Online Catalogue

Thursday, 25 May 2017

People

Many of the artefacts in the Luthuli Museum online catalogue tell us more about the characters who were involved in the Liberation Movement or featured in this period of history. The individuals listed below are some of the people that our collection items relate to. If you want additional information about these people, or find mention of an individual in the artefacts who is not listed below, do not hesitate to contact us to find out more:


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Tel: +27 32 559 6822 

Fax: +27 32 559 6806


Arenstein,

Rowley, Israel

1919

Attorney, Political Activist, member of the SACP and the COD


http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/rowley-israel-arenstein

Asmal,

Kader

1934 –2011

Minister of Education (1999 – 2004), Minister of Water Affairs,(1994 – 1999) and a member of Parliament in the National Assembly from 1994– 2007.


http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/professor-kader-asmal

Bayat,

Ayesha


Teacher trainer, Edgewood college. Attended Chief Luthuli's funeral on 21st July 1967.


Benson,

Mary

1919 - 2000

Author and activist.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/mary-benson

Bernstein,

Rusty Lionel

1920 - 2002

Writer, Political Activist, Architect, SACP and MK member awarded The Order of Luthuli in Gold.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/lionel-rusty-bernstein

Beukes,

Hans


Namibian writer and former activist who escaped from South Africa into Botswana to take up a scholarship to study in Oslo, Norway, in 1959.


Biko,

Steve

1946 - 1977

A Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) leader, South Africa’s most influential and radical student leader in the 1970s and a law student at the time of his death. He became a martyr of the Freedom Struggle and posed one of the strongest challenges to the apartheid structure in the country.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/stephen-bantu-biko

Booth,

William

1829 - 1912

Founder of the Salvation Army


Boraine,

Alex

1931 -

Progressive Federal Party—Director of the Institute for a Democratic Alternative in South Africa Vice-Chairperson of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission

http://www.liberationafrica.se/intervstories/interviews/boraine/?by-name=1

Botha,

Con


MPC, Secretary of the Nationalist Party in Natal, 1966


Brookes,

Dr Edgar

1927 -

Political activist, academic, lay clergy and member of the Liberal Party  

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/edgar-harry-brookes

Buthelezi,

Mangosuthu

1928 -

South African politician and the founder the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP)

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/mangosuthu-gatsha-buthelezi

Cele,

Bheki

1952 -

Former National Commissioner of the South African Police Service and former MEC for Transport, Community Safety and Liaison in KwaZulu-Natal. Former member of the National Executive Committee of the African National Congress.

http://www.whoswhosa.co.za/bheki-cele-8977

Cele,

Mwelela


Member of Gumede family and historian of kholwa community. Former curator at the Luthuli Museum.


Champion,

A W G

1893 - 1975

Trade Unionist, Political Activist and Civic Leader.

http://v1.sahistory.org.za/pages/people/bios/champion-awg.htm

Coetzee,

Blaar


Deputy Minister of Bantu Administration and Development, 1960s


Conco,

Dr Winston Z

1919

Medical doctor, national treasurer of the ANC Youth League in 1950s, member of the ANC, 1956 Treason trialist.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/dr-winston-z-conco

Couper,

Revd Dr Scott


Author of Albert Luthuli: Bound by Faith


Dadoo,

Dr Yusuf

1909 - 1983

Medical doctor, political activist and Chairman of the SACP

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/dr-yusuf-mohamed-dadoo

Daniel,

Dr John


Activist and academic. Retired Professor of Political Science who taught in South Africa, Swaziland, the UK and USA. In the mid-1960s, he was the Vice-President of the National Union of South African Students (NUSAS) and in June 1966, he hosted the visit of Senator Robert F. Kennedy to South Africa.


Davidson
Duncan Stewart

Congregational Minister who attended Chief Luthuli's funeral

De Klerk,

F W

1936 -

State President of South Africa from 1989 to 1994. In 1990 he opened negotiations with previously outlawed anti-apartheid organizations. De Klerk was appointed the Second Vice President in President Mandela’s cabinet.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/frederik-willem-de-klerk

De Klerk,

Jan

1903 - 1979

Teacher, member of the National Party and Minister of Education, Art & Science, Senator and Father of former Pres. F.W. de Klerk

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/johannes-jan-de-klerk

Dludla,

B K


Personal acquaintance of Chief Luthuli through the Church.


Dube,

Rev. John L

1871 - 1946

Political activist, First ANC President General. Actively involved in the Bhambatha rebellion.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/john-langalibalele-dube

First,

Ruth

1925 - 1982

Journalist, academic, political activist and member of the SACP 

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/ruth-heloise-first

Fischer,

Bram

1908 - 1975

Lawyer and Chairman of the SACP

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/abram-bram-fischer

Gandhi,

Mohandas Karamchand, ‘the Mahatma’

1869 - 1948

The Father of the Indian nation, Gandhi led India to independence by pursuing strategies of resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience based on a philosophy of total nonviolence. He inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/mohandas-mahatma-karamchand-gandhi

Garvey,

Marcus

1887 - 1940

Founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism.

http://www.biography.com/people/marcus-garvey-9307319

Gcabashe,

Thandeka

1934 -

née Thankdeka Luthuli Third child of Chief Albert and Nokukhanya Luthuli.


Gcabashe,

Walter Thulani


Former husband of Thandeka Gcabashe née Luthuli


Goba,

Charlotte

1918 – 1999

"Sister" of Chief Luthuli and his adoptive daughter; Goba and Luthuli shared a common paternal grandfather. Goba later taught at Inanda Seminary.


Grout,

Rev. Aldin

1803 -1894

American Board Missionary, first arrived in South Africa in 1934 and later established the Umvoti Mission Station, which later became known as Groutville

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/rev-aldin-grout

Gumede,

Archie

1914 - 1998

Parliamentarian, lawyer and member of the UDF and ANC

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/archibald-gumede

Hammarskjold,

Dag

1905 - 1961

Secretary General of the U.N. (1953 - 1961). Awarded Nobel Prize for Peace for 1961 posthumously.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1961/hammarskjold.html

Harrison,

Ronald

1940 - 2011

Artist. His most famous work, Black Christ (1962), depicted Chief Albert Luthuli as Christ crucified, flanked by two Roman centurions, then National Party prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd and justice minister John Vorster.


Hill,

Jean


Political activist, member of the Institute of Race Relations and Blacksash and acquaintance of Chief Luthuli.


Hooper,

Mary Louisa

1907 - 1987

Wealthy American heiress and civil rights activist and anti-apartheid activist. First white member of the ANC, she was expelled from South Africa in 1957 for political agitation.

http://africanactivist.msu.edu/image.php?objectid=32-131-18D

Houphouet-Boigny,

Felix

1905 - 1993

Nationalist, doctor, and first president of Côte d'Ivoire. At his death he was the longest serving president of Africa and the third longest in the world


Jahn,

Gunnar

1883 - 1971

Economist. Member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee in 1938-1966. He served as chairman of the committee from 1942 to 1966.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/articles/committee/nnclist/bios/jahn.html

Jordan,

Pallo

1942 -

Former Minister of Arts and Culture, political activist, scholar, analyst and writer.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/zweledinga-pallo-jordan

Kally,

Ranjith

1925 -

Photographer at DRUM between 1956 - 1965 and again from 1968 – 1985, Kally produced some of his most brilliant pictures of the South African Liberation Movement. Of everyone he photographed, Kally said that the leader who made the greatest impression on him was Chief Albert Luthuli.


Kano,

Aminu

1920 - 1983

Muslim politician from Nigeria who led an Islamic movement in the north of the country in opposition to British rule.


Kasrils,

Ronnie

1938

Member of the African National Congress (ANC); Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) and secretary of the Congress of Democrats in the early 1960s; Deputy Minister of Defence (1994 -1999; Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry (1999- 2004) and Minister of Intelligence Services (2004 – 2008).


http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/ronald-ronnie-kasrils

Kathrada,

Ahmed

1929

A veteran of the South African liberation struggle, Treason Trialists, long-serving political prisoner on Robben Island and Pollsmoor Maximum Prison, African National Congress (ANC) leader and Member of Parliament.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/ahmed-mohamed-kathy-kathrada

Kennedy,

J F

1917 - 1963

35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.


Kennedy,

Robert

1925 - 1968

American politician, Democratic senator from New York, and noted civil rights activist. He toured South Africa in 1966 where he met Chief Luthuli at his home in Groutville.


King,

Coretta Scott

1927 - 2006

American author, activist, and civil rights leader. The widow of Martin Luther King, Jr., Coretta Scott King helped lead the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.


King,

Martin Luther

1929 - 1968

American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.

http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html

Kotane,

Moses

1905 - 1978

General secretary of the Communist Party of South Africa and Treasurer General of the African National Congress 

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/moses-m-kotane

La Guma,

James

1894 -961

Trade unionist and political activist, member of the ICU, CPSA and the ANC

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/james-arnold-jimmy-la-guma

Levson,

Frieda


Worked with Chief Luthuli as part of the Treason Trial committee.


Louw,

Eric

1890 -1968

nationalist Party cabinet minister best known as South Africa's representative at UNO, Commonwealth and other overseas conferences.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/eric-hendrik-louw

Luthuli,

Dr Albertinah

1932 -

Eldest daughter of Chief Albert and Nokukhanya Luthuli. member of Parliament, South Africa.


Luthuli,

Chief Albert

~1898 - 1967

President-General of the African National Congress from December 1952 until his death in 1967, and Africa's first Nobel Peace Laureate.

http://www.luthulimuseum.org.za

Luthuli,

Christian ‘Bhoyi’

1942 - 2009

Sixth child of Chief Albert and Nokukhanya Luthuli


Luthuli,

Edgar Sibusiso

1945 - 1993

Youngest son of Chief Albert and Nokukhanya Luthuli


Luthuli,

Hilda

1934 -

See: Gcabashe, Thandeka


Luthuli,

Hugh Bunyan Sulenkosi

1929 -

Eldest child of Chief Albert and Nokukhanya Luthuli


Luthuli,

Thembekile Jane


Fifth child of Chief Albert and Nokukhanya Luthuli


Luthuli,

Martin


Chief Luthuli's uncle, Martin Luthuli, was elected Chief of the Christian Zulus inhabiting Umvoti Mission Reserve around Groutville when his nephew came to live with him in 1908.


Luthuli,

Motsumi


Chief Luthuli's first grandchild and Dr Albertinah Luthuli's firstborn.


Luthuli,

Mthunzi


Grandchild of Chief Luthuli and firstborn of Edgar Sibusiso Luthuli.


Luthuli,

Nokukhanya MaBhengu

1904 - 1996

Wife of Chief Albert Luthuli.

http://www.luthulimuseum.org.za

Luthuli,

Veli


Former wife of Edgar Sibusiso Luthuli.


Mabhida,

Moses

1923 - 1986

Mabhida was an outstanding leader of humble origins who became a dominant figure in the trade union movement, the African National Congress (ANC), and the Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA), both inside South Africa and in exile.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/mbheki-mncane-mabhida

MacMillan,

Harold

1894 - 1986

Conservative Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 1957 to 1963. Famous in South Africa for his "Winds of Change" speech to Parliament, 1960.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/355161/Harold-Macmillan

Magubane,

Bernard

1930 -

South African academic and activist. Went into exile in the USA in 1961 and remained committed member of the ANC.


Maharaj,

Mac

1935 -

Political activist and a member of the African National Congress' armed wing, Umkhonto weSizwe. 

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/satyandranath-mac-maharaj

Mohamed,

E V


Editor of llanga, Dhlomo, bookkeeper in Stanger and close friend of Chief Luthuli. He regularly accommodated the Chief and ANC members at his office and home.


Mohamed,

Yunus


Son of E V Mohamed.


Malindi,

Zoli

1924 - 2008

Trade unionist, member of the ANC, President of the UDF (Western Cape)

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/zolile-malindi

Mandela,

Nelson

1918 -

A qualified lawyer, anti-apartheid activist and former South African President. He was elected president in 1994, in South Africa's first democratic vote, and served until 1999.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/nelson-rolihlahla-mandela

Mandela,

Winnie Madikizela

1936

ANC Political Activist and ex-wife of Nelson Mandela, Deputy Minister of Arts and Culture, President of ANCWL, member of the NEC of the ANC

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/winnie-madikizela-mandela

Maponya,

Mafukuzela Selborne


Luthuli's secretary during the 1950s.
Arrested along with others to be tried at Rivonia Trial in Pietermaritzburg.
Suggestion that he should go into exile to avoid the trial as he was close to Luthuli.


Matthews,

Professor Z K

1901 - 1968

South African academic, African National Congress politician, Botswana's first ambassador to the USA and envoy to the UN

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/professor-zachariah-keodirelang-zk-matthews

Mbeki,

Thabo

1942 -

Former President of South Africa, first deputy president in the new Government of National Unity.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/thabo-mvuyelwa-mbeki

Mbhele,

Lalelani


Artist.


Meer,

Fatima

1928 - 2010

Political leader, academic, publisher, writer, human rights and gender activist and Gandhian.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/fatima-meer

Meer,

Ismail

1918 - 2000

Journalist, trade unionist, attorney and political activist, Member of Parliament (Provincial), for his contribution to a non-racial and democratic South Africa, struggle for liberation, workers’ rights and for the formation of the Natal Teachers’ Union was awarded the Order of Luthuli in Silver.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/ismael-chota-meer

Mhlope,

Gcina

1959 -

South African freedom fighter, activist, actor, storyteller, poet, playwright, director and author.


Naicker

Dr Monty

1910 -1978

Medical doctor, co-founder and first chairperson of the Anti-Segregation Council, President of the NIC

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/dr-gagathura-mohambry-monty-naicker

Naidoo,

G R

1928 - 1982

Photojournalist and activist, he joined Drum magazine in 1954 and later covered the Treason Trial.


Naidoo,

Loganathan


Principal author of In the shadow of Chief Albert Luthuli-Reflections of Goolam Suleman


Nair,

Billy

1929 - 2008

Activist, Trade Unionist, Treason Trialist, Political Prisoner and later Member of Parliament.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/billy-nair

Nakasa,

Nat

1937 - 1965

Journalist and author

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/ndazana-nathaniel-nakasa

Ngubane,

Jordan

1917 - 1985

Journalist, novelist and political activist

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/jordan-kush-ngubane

Padayachie,

Roy

1950 -

Minister of Communications of the Republic of South Africa, joined the African National Congress in 1972 and Served as Executive Member of the Natal Indian Congress.

http://www.whoswhosa.co.za/roy-padayachie-7660

Paton,

Alan

1903 - 1988

Renowned author of Cry, the Beloved Country, founding member and leader of the Liberal Party and social reformer.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/alan-stewart-paton

Reddy,

Freddy


Left South Africa for the UK in 1957 and then moved to Oslo, Norway in 1961 to study medicine.


Resha,

Robert

1920 - 1973

Sports editor of New Age and The World, member of the ANC Youth League.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/robert-m-resha

Reuling,

John

1906 - 1990

Missionary teacher of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) at Adams College, Natal, South Africa (1927-1941), where he was director of teacher training. Attended Nobel ceremony in Norway when Luthuli was awarded Peace Prize.


Robertson,

Ian


President of the National Union of South African Students (NUSAS) when he was banned by the government a month before Senator Kennedy's visit.


Sachs,

Judge Albie

1935

Member of the ANC, helped draft the ANC's Code of Conduct and statutes, member of the Constitutional Committee and National Executive Committee of the ANC, Director of Research for the Ministry of Justice, constitutional Court Judge and author.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/judge-albert-louis-albie-sachs

Sisulu,

Albertina

1918 - 2011

'The mother of the nation', activist and nurse, she struggled her whole life for human rights and dignity.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/albertina-nontsikelelo-sisulu

Sisulu,

Walter

1912 - 2003

South African anti-apartheid activist, member of the African National Congress and one of the foremost influences in South African politics. 

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/walter-ulyate-sisulu

Sithole,

Jabulani


Activist and historian. Expert on Chief Luthuli.


Sivetye,

Donald


Teacher at Nonhlevu Secondary.
Deacon of Groutville.
Community leader, involved with land reform.


Smuts,

Jan

1870 - 1950

Politician, world-famed statesman, soldier, naturalist, philosopher and former Prime Minister of South Africa

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/general-jan-christiaan-smuts

Suleman,

Goolam

1929 - 2005

Friend and assistant to Chief Luthuli.


Suttner,

Raymond

1945 -

Emeritus Professor at the University of South Africa, Suttner was a political prisoner sentenced for ANC underground activities between 1975 and 1983.


Suzman,

Helen

1917 - 2009

Parliamentarian, Human Rights Activist, sole representative of opposition party (the Progressive Party) in parliament during apartheid.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/helen-suzman-0

Swart,

Ray


Chairman of the Progressive Party in Natal, 1960s.


Tambo,

Oliver

1917 - 1983

Politician and activist against apartheid.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/oliver-tambo

Tutu,

Archbishop Desmond

1931 -

Outspoken critic of apartheid, teacher, author, lecturer, Nobel Prize winner, former Archbishop of Cape Town, Archbishop Emeritus of South Africa 

 

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/archbishop-emeritus-mpilo-desmond-tutu

Verwoerd,

Hendrick

1901 - 1966

Academic, South African Prime Minister, considered to be the primary architect of apartheid 

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/hendrik-frensch-verwoerd

Vilakazi,

Dr Benedict Wallet

1906 - 1947

Distinguished Zulu poet, born in Groutville

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/dr-benedict-wallet-vilakazi

Vorster,

Balthazar Johannes

1915 - 1983

Lawyer, instrumental in the founding of the Ossewa-Brandwag, and also became a general in its paramilitary wing, Minister of Justice, Prime Minister of South Africa and later President of South Africa.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/balthazar-johannes-vorster

Weinberg,

Eli

1908 - 1991

Trade Unionist and photographer.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/eli-weinberg

Yengwa,

Edith

1927 - 2007

Married M B Yengwa in 1957.


Yengwa,

M B

1923 - 1987

A prominent leader of the ANC in Natal in the 1950s.

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/massabalala-bonnie-yengwa

Zuma,

Jacob

1942 -

Current President of South Africa, President of the ANC

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/jacob-gedleyihlekisa-zuma-0


Sources:

South African History Online: http://www.sahistory.org.za/

Who's Who Southern Africa: http://www.whoswhosa.co.za/

Nobelprize.org: http://www.nobelprize.org/

African Activist Archive: http://africanactivist.msu.edu/

Encyclopedia Britannica: http://www.britannica.com/

The Nordic Documentation on the Liberation Struggle in Southern Africa Project: http://www.liberationafrica.se/